Scroll down the page to see piano pictures of parts of a piano and learn more about anything from piano keys to the piano bench.
Ever wondered why some piano keys are black and some are white? Just think how hard it would be to try to play a piano whose keys were all white.
The black keys are placed in groups of 2 and 3 per octave. The white key to the left of the group of 2 is "C".
The piano soundboard is made out of steel and can withstand the pull of several tons! Yes, thats right. With as many strings pulling against it the soundboard has to be quite strong.
As you can see on the left, the strings on a soundboard in an upright piano are split with half on a diagonal one direction and the rest the opposite direction. In grand pianos it's laid out just like a harp.
Piano Dampers are small pieces of wood. The one side is covered in felt and rests on the strings of the piano to stop their vibrations.
When the hammer hits the string, the damper for that note is raised, allowing the string to vibrate. Once the hammer is let down by the key being let up, the damper will rest on the string again and the sound will stop.
There is a special pedal that is called the damper pedal that lifts up all of the dampers allowing all of the strings to vibrate/sound longer.
Piano Wire is made out of steel. If you look at the picture above you'll see that there are actually 3 wires that the hammer hits to make the sound, but that's just for the upper register. In the middle register there are 2 and in the lowest register there is only one. The wires for the low register have steel wound around them.
Grand Pianos have 3 pedals near the floor that can adjust how the piano plays. Some upright pianos only have 2.
From left to right they are called the: Una Voce, Sostenuto, and Damper pedal.
When the piano was first invented, it was a bit shorter than they are now. Then Franz Liszt came along and realized that he could play faster when his arms were at a 90 degree angle.Before this your arms were higher than your elbows. Try sitting on a chair that's shorter and see if it's harder for you to play fast :) So ever since Liszt the piano bench is a little taller and the piano is a little easier to play because of him!
Doing anything in dim light is hard, but especially reading the little tiny piano sheet music can be even harder. A piano lamp is so handy as it is made to sit on a piano.
The piano hinge is one really long hinge on the lid of the piano that covers the piano keys. It's about 4 and a half feet long.
In the picture to the left, it's what's right above the keys. You can see three of the nails that are holding it to the wood.
Having a piano rack is like having a sheet music stand right on the piano. It has a handy little lip that keeps the music from falling down on the keys and your hands :)
There are so many more parts of a piano than are covered on this page. Have fun learning more about parts of a piano by studying how your own works.
Here's a fun video showing some of how parts of a piano work. Yes, it's an electronically programmed piano but it still works about the same. Be sure to watch for the part when the keyboard is moved just a little to the right from the una voce pedal.