Who wrote the national anthem? The Star Spangled Banner lyrics were written by Francis Scott Key and the United States national anthem's music was composed by John Stafford Smith.
Francis Scott Key
Composer of the
Star Spangled Banner Lyrics
The United States of America became a country after the American Revolution from Great Briain on July 2, 1776. Years later during the war of 1812 in the United States of America against England, the Star Spangled Banner was written.
On the night of September 13th in 1814 Francis Scott Key and Colonel John Stuart Skinner, an American Prisoner Exchange Agent, boarded a British ship to ask for the release of several prisoners.
While they were on board, the British made plans for the Battle of Fort McHenry. Key and Skinner were kept on the ship until the end of the battle for fear that they would warn the Americans.
After the battle Francis Scott Key finally could see the American Flag still waving which was what inspired him to write the poem the "Defence of Fort McHenry", the words to the national anthem, which he finished writing on September 17, 1814.Francis Scott Key then put the poem to the music "To Anacreon in Heaven" which was written by John Stafford Smith. It was a British drinking song written for the Anacreontic Society which was a gentlemen's social club in London. It was a song that was popular in both Britain and America.
Above are some clips of the United States National Anthem
The Star Spangled Banner
The United States motto, "In God We Trust", comes from the fourth stanza of the the Star Spangled Banner. Francis Scott Key had wanted it to be our motto and it was finally made our motto in 1956.
On March 3rd, 1931 United States President Herbert Hoover made the Star Spangled Banner the official national anthem!